How to create github repository from android studio without using a web browser or command line ?

Hi guys in this tutorial we will see how to create a github repository from Android Studio. For this purpose we will not be required to open command line or the web browser. Entire process from repository creation to your first push will be completely carried out on your android studio IDE, provided that you already have git installed on your pc and that you have a valid github account.

It significantly reduces the hassle and also saves a lot of time since we won't be spending much time on writing the commands or be going to the github website to create new repository. All the hassles will be handled by android studio.

So Android Studio will help us in creating the repository, adding all the files for commit, commit the files to be pushed and finally push the project to the github repository created.

Before you begin :

1) Download and install git if you haven't already done.
for mac OS :
for windows :

2) go here and create a github account >>

Now follow the below steps to create a github repository in the above created account from android studio :

1) First of all open up android studio and create a brand new android studio project. Once the project has finished the building process, goto the VCS option on the top menu as shown below

VCS option appears in the top menu

2) From the above VCS option navigate VCS > Import into version control > Share project on Github like shown in the image below

Share project on Github
3) Now we will be asked to login with your github credentials before sharing the project on github. We will be required to perform this only once since we will be generating an API token during our first login and then will be using this saved token value to login further. So first of all click on "Create API token" to generate one.

Click on "Create API Token"
4) When "Create API Token" is clicked, it will bring up the following screen to login into github. Enter the credentials for github and click login, it will generate the API Token like shown below.

Login here with github credentilas
Generates token on successfully login

5) In the above login screen click the checkbox "Save Credentials" so that we won't have to do this process each time we try create a repository. Now click on login button again. You will be successfully logged in and taken to the following screen
Entering repository details
As shown above you will be prompted to enter a name and description for your repository, keep the remote name as remote. You can also make your repository private, which was earlier a paid feature in github. Now click on share button.

6) As soon as we hit share button, we will be asked what all files are needed to be added to git, since this is our first commit we can select all files like shown below, doing which will make all your files ready for commit

Initial commit to git

As shown above select all files (already selected by default) and enter a commit message. Now click OK button. As soon as we hit OK button we can see that all the files get committed and finally pushed to the remote github repository, you will also be presented with a link to your repository at the bottom of android studio like shown below

Github repository created
Click on the link shown in the image above and you will be taken to your repository in gihub like shown below

Github repository opened in browser

Android Studio git tutorial using github, bitbucket

Hi guys! In this tutorial we will see how to work with git in android studio. We will be showing how to setup git using both github and bitbucket.

Git is basically a distributed version control system for tracking changes in source code during software development. Repository hosting services like github, bitbucket etc are used for version control using git.

We will be breaking down the tutorial into the following steps :

1) Downloading and Installing git
2) Create an account on github/bitbucket and then save the credentials to your git configuration
3) Create a remote git repository using github/bitbucket.
4) Create an android studio project and initialise git within the project.
5) Add the remote repository as the origin of your android studio project.
6) Commit and push your code into remote repository(github/bitbucket)

1) Downloading and Installing git

  • For mac users first of all go to your terminal and check if git is already installed by typing the command git --version , if you get a version value like shown below you already have git installed and you are good to go. If you don't have git installed, you will be getting a message like "command not found", in that case go here >> install git on your mac
git version check

  • For windows users check if git is already installed by typing git --version in the command prompt, if you are able to get a proper version, then you already have git installed. If you don't have git installed, go here >> and complete the installation

2) Create an account on github/bitbucket and then save the credentials to your git configuration

  • If you are working with github, go here >> and create an account(signup)
github signup

  • If you are working with bitbucket, go here >> and create an account(no need to signup for both github and bitbucket, choose only one which is convenient to you)
bitbucket signup

  • Once you have created the account in one of the repository hosting services, you will now need your local git version control system to be connected with it. For that, go to your terminal and type git --version to ensure that git is properly installed. It should be displaying proper git version number, if not try installing git properly as discussed above. Now, execute the following command in your terminal(mac) or cmd(windows) to connect your remote repo with your local git.
git config --global "" 
git config --global "your_github_or_bitbucket_username"
  • As shown above you will have to specify your registered email and username in above commands. Now when you make commits and other activities to your remote repo(github/bitbucket), your identity will be shown based on these credentials

3) Create a remote git repository using github/bitbucket.

  • Now that you have properly setup your remote repo and then configured it with your git version control system, you will need to go ahead and create a new repository in github/bitbucket.
Now you will need to choose which git repository hosting service you are going to use. You don't need both, choose any one - github or bitbucket ?

  • For github, login with your account and click on the plus button at the top right corner which brings up an option "new repository".
github - create new repository
  • Click on "new repository" and enter the details to complete repository creation. You can either make your repository "public" or "private" as well. When made public, it can be accessed by anyone across the globe whereas private repositories can be accessed only by select individuals whom you choose to share it with. Private repositories were a paid feature in github before, but now it has been made free, thanks to github!
  • Once the repository has been created successfully, it will bring up a screen like shown below
unique link to your github remote repo(highlighted with red marker)
  • Copy the command that starts with "git remote add origin ..", which is the unique link to your remote repo. This command will be used in our android studio terminal to connect your local repo with the remote repo that we just created.

  • For Bitbucket, repository creation is similar to github and is straight forward(If you are using github, you are free to skip this step). After logging in to your bitbucket dashboard, you can see a '+' button on the left sidebar, click on it and then select repository from next window to create a new bitbucket repository.
create new bitbucket repository
  • Give a name to your repository and similar to github here also you have option to make it public or private. Choose private if you want it be accessed by people whom you give access only. Now complete repository creation
  • Once the repository has been created you will see the following window from which you will need to copy the remote repo url at the bottom of the screen as shown below
unique link to your bitbucket remote repo(highlighted with red marker)
  • The above copied url will be used in android studio terminal to connect local git repo with the bitbucket repo that we now created

4) Create an android studio project and initialise git within the project.

  • Now start up your android studio. First of all create a new android studio project, finally when your project gets properly build click to open the terminal window at the bottom of the Android Studio IDE.
android studio terminal
  • Now type the following command in your android studio terminal to initialise git within your android studio peoject and hit enter
git init
git init command executed in android studio terminal

5) Add the remote repository as the origin of your android studio project.

  • git is now successfully initialised in your project. Now you will need to get the repository url that we copied earlier while we created our repository. For me it is 
    git remote add origin
  • This url will be different for your repository, so make sure to copy the right url from your repository. Now paste this inside your android studio terminal and hit enter. If everything is fine, we won't see any error and hence we have successfully linked our local repo with the remote repo.
If you are asked to enter the password, please enter the password for your github/bitbucket account, you wont be shown a password preview, but keep typing and then press enter
  • Now we will see how to move your repository from your local machine to the remote github/bitbucket repository. For that, first of all we will need to add all the files that we need to move to your remote github repository. Since we are starting with a new project let us add entire project( all the files) to github/bitbucket repo. So type in the following command and hit enter
git add .
  • As a result of the above command the entire project gets added(i.e, gets prepared for commit). Here '.' means you are going to add all files to remote repo. Instead if you need to add only a single file, you will need to execute something like this git add . For now we will be doing git add . since we will have to move entire project to our remote repo(github/bitbucket)
  • Before we push our project to github/bitbucket, we will need to commit the changes with a commit message. Since we are making an initial commit for our project we can keep the commit message as "initial commit"(of course, you may set a different message of your choice!). Always make sure to keep a meaningful commit message to all your commits. This helps a lot since it becomes a lot easier to identify changes in each commit at a later point of time. Now execute the following command to commit all the files that have been added.
git commit -m "initial commit"
committing all the added files to git

  • As soon as the commit command is executed, all the files gets saved in your local git. Now we are ready to "push" our changes into our remote github/bitbucket repo. So execute the following push command to push all the committed changes into the remote repository's master branch
git push origin master
pushing committed changes to github/bitbucket remote repo 

  • Now if we go ahead and check our repo in github, we can see that all the files have been successfully pushed like shown below
files pushed successfully

  • Now if we check the "commit" tab you can see your "initial commit" is shown there with the person who did the commit and the date in which the commit has been made. Hence it becomes helpful in identifying a commit very easily.
  • Now go inside one of your files and make a small change for testing purpose (below i'm adding a comment inside file)
added a test comment to commit
  • Now go ahead and commit this change by running the following command in android studio terminal
git commit -a -m "test commit"
  • As a result of the above command all the changes get added and committed with the commit message "test commit". This command is basically a shortcut to both add and commit the changes in a single command. (You can alternatively type git add . and git commit -m "test commit" separately also)
  • Now again execute the push command like shown below
git push origin master
  • Now if you check your repository in github, you can see that the changes have been reflected there also.
test commit successfully pushed
  • Now if you check the commit tab you can see that our new commit has appeared there as well, see image below

all commit messages
  • Thats all for this tutorial guys, i will try to make more tutorials on git like this later


Android Q Bubbles in Action

Android Q bubble

Hi guys, in this tutorial we will be discussing about the new bubbles feature introduced in Android Q. You might have already come across facebook chat heads, well the new bubble feature in android Q is a similar feature. But for android Q Bubbles, it is supported by the android OS itself. From now on, we just have to use the bubbles feature to build such widgets.

You may check here >> to see an intro about android Q bubbles mentioned in the google i/o 2019

As mentioned in,

Bubbles are built into the Notification system. They float on top of other app content and follow the user wherever they go. Bubbles can be expanded to reveal app functionality and information, and can be collapsed when not being used.
 Features and Characteristics :

  • The bubbles float on top of other apps and hence allows seamless multitasking.
  • Since the bubbles are built into the notification system, it appears as a normal notification in case the device is locked or if the always-on-display is active
  • Bubbles are basically an opt out feature - i.e, the user can choose whether to have the bubbles enabled for an app or not.

Now we will see how to implement this in code :

First of all update your app level build.gradle like shown below

The activity which opens up when a bubble is clicked needs to follow certain guidelines to function properly with bubbles.So inside your AndroidManifest.xml, an activity should be declared as resizeable, embedded, and always launch in document UI mode like shown below

Now in order to create a bubble notification, you will need to :

  • Create a notification like you normally do
  • Create a bubble metadata object by calling Notification.BubbleMetadata.Builder
  • Then by using setBubbleMetadata  add the bubble metadata into the notification

So update your file like show below :

You may also create a bubble which is expanded automatically by specifying setAutoExpandBubble() and setSuppressInitialNotification() as true. Skip this step if you don't want the bubble to upen automatically
Now your activity_main.xml should be updated like this :

Using custom gson converter to parse dynamic json with free source code

We often come across issue where a json dynamically switches its type based on the response. For example, in normal cases suppose that you have a list of cars returned as an array from your backend, but when the number of cars in the list is one, you are given just an abject instead of array. In such cases, your code should be ready to handle the response no matter whether it is an array or an object.

To handle such cases, Gson provides plenty of customisation options. One such option is registerTypeAdapter. So lets dive deeper to check how its done.

In this tutorial we will be using retrofit to make the network calls and of course gson-converter, so go to your app level build.gradle and add the following as dependencies

implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.0.0-beta4'
implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.3.0'

please add the latest dependency versions for retrofit, converter-gson

Now check the following json strcutures that we will be parsing

"cars" : {
   "car_type" : "Hatchback", 
   "car_models" : {"car_name":"Swift" , "power_window":"yes" }

"cars" : {
   "car_type" : "Sedan" , 
   "car_models" : [ 
         "car_name" : "Xcent",
         "power_window" : "no"
         "car_name" : "Ciaz",
         "power_window" : "yes"

In cars_object_json.json you can see that car_models is an object because there is only one item inside it whereas in cars_array_json.json  car_models is an array since there are more than one items in it. We have to write a parser which could automatically identify the response format and parse both the cases easily. registerTypeAdapter is exactly what we want here.

Alright, lets see some code now

First of all, there are two type of object models or POJOs that we need to create for the above json >> Cars,CarModels

1) Automatic model class/pojo class generation using
Specify Target language as Java, Source Type as JSON and annotation style as Gson
  • Now click preview and copy the generated java files
Now copy the contents of the class and add it in android studio project

Now copy the classes Cars,CarModels from and add it to your project like this

public class Cars {
    private String carType;
    private List<CarModel> cardModels = null;

    public String getCarType() {
        return carType;

    public void setCarType(String carType) {
        this.carType = carType;

    public List<CarModel> getCardModels() {
        return cardModels;

    public void setCardModels(List<CarModel> cardModels) {
        this.cardModels = cardModels;


public class CarModel {
    private String carName;
    private String powerWindow;

    public String getCarName() {
        return carName;

    public void setCarName(String carName) {
        this.carName = carName;

    public String getPowerWindow() {
        return powerWindow;

    public void setPowerWindow(String powerWindow) {
        this.powerWindow = powerWindow;

Now, create a deserializer like shown below

GsonBuilder b = new GsonBuilder();
        b.registerTypeAdapter(Cars.class, new JsonDeserializer<Cars>() {
            public Cars deserialize(JsonElement arg0, Type arg1,
                                     JsonDeserializationContext arg2) throws JsonParseException {
                JsonObject CarsObj = arg0.getAsJsonObject();
                JsonObject innerObj=CarsObj.getAsJsonObject("cars");

                Gson g = new Gson();
                Cars a = g.fromJson(arg0, Cars.class);
                List<CarModel> carModels = null;

                if (innerObj.get("car_models").isJsonArray()) {
                    carModels = g.fromJson(innerObj.get("car_models"),
                            new TypeToken<List<CarModel>>() {
                } else {
                    CarModel single = g.fromJson(innerObj.get("car_models"), CarModel.class);
                    carModels = new ArrayList<CarModel>();
                return a;

In the above deserializer, you can clearly see that we have checked whether car_models is an array or an object and then parsed the response accordingly.

Now go ahead and attach the converter to your retrofit implementation so that the entire code for your will look like this

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {


    private void parseJson() {

        GsonBuilder b = new GsonBuilder();
        b.registerTypeAdapter(Cars.class, new JsonDeserializer<Cars>() {
            public Cars deserialize(JsonElement arg0, Type arg1,
                                     JsonDeserializationContext arg2) throws JsonParseException {
                JsonObject CarsObj = arg0.getAsJsonObject();
                JsonObject innerObj=CarsObj.getAsJsonObject("cars");

                Gson g = new Gson();
                Cars a = g.fromJson(arg0, Cars.class);
                List<CarModel> carModels = null;

                if (innerObj.get("car_models").isJsonArray()) {
                    carModels = g.fromJson(innerObj.get("car_models"),
                            new TypeToken<List<CarModel>>() {
                } else {
                    CarModel single = g.fromJson(innerObj.get("car_models"), CarModel.class);
                    carModels = new ArrayList<CarModel>();
                return a;
        Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()

        RequestInterface request = retrofit.create(RequestInterface.class);
        Call<Cars> call1=request.getJson();
        call1.enqueue(new Callback<Cars>() {
            public void onResponse(Call<Cars> call, Response<Cars> response) {

            public void onFailure(Call<Cars> call, Throwable t) {



And your for cars_object_json.json  will be like this

interface RequestInterface {
    Call<Cars> getJson();
} for cars_array_json.json  will be like this

interface RequestInterface {
    Call<Cars> getJson();

By this method you will get the correct response for Response<Cars> response in the retrofit callbacks even if your response changes dynamically.

Android image slideshow/image carousel using viewpager

In this tutorial, we will discuss how to implement a slideshow of images which rotates its slides on its own. These image carousels/slideshows find their use when we want to showcase our products, suppose we are running an e-commerce app. It can also be used to update recent events, live updates etc. Providing a slide show of selected items within your app can allow easy and fast access to them.

Now let us look into some coding part :

We will be doing a slide show of cars in this tutorial. So we will have to define some attributes for our car objects. So create a model for the car object as shown below:
Now we will need to pre-populate an arraylist of the above model so that we could easily pass it into the slideshow. In order to create a slide show, we will be using a viewpager. We then use a handler to slide the items in viewpager automatically. Now open up your file and make the following changes.
As shown above you will need to create a viewpager and obviously, an adapter for this viewpager. We then pass the arraylist with the car objects to the adapter like shown in populateSlides() method and finally set the adapter to the viepager like this viewPager.setAdapter(pagerAdapter); .
Now you can create like shown below
You have successfully created an image carousel of cars, try running the project now!
You can download the complete source code here 

Paypal Integration in android using Braintree SDK

performing paypal payments using braintree android sdk
Braintree is a division of PayPal and is a company based in Chicago that specializes in mobile and web payment systems. Braintree provides client libraries and integration examples in Ruby, Python, PHP, Java, .NET, and Node JS. It also provides mobile libraries for iOS and Android, and Braintree.js for in-browser card encryption.
Braintree payment gateway is basically a paypal service, so we would require braintree sdks to be integrated in our android code. We can then link our paypal credentials with braintree dashboard.

We will see how to integrate braintree  sdk in android and perform paypal transactions
  1. First of all go here and create a paypal merchant account. You may choose to create shoppers account or business account or freelancers account based on your needs.
  2. As soon as the above step is complete, head over to the paypal developer website here and login with the above generated credentials. Once you are logged in click on your username at the top right corner and then click on dashboard. Now click on "create app" option in your dashboard. Now fill in the app name for your sandbox environment and complete the app creation. As soon as the app is created, you can see that the client id, client secret has beem generated has been generated.
  3. Now go here and create braintree sandbox account >> . Once the account is created, goto Settings >> processing >> paypal. Now toggle paypal to turn it on. Now click on "options" next to the paypal field. Now enter the paypal email, client id, secret id generated in step 2 and click update to save. Now we have successfully linked paypal with braintree.
  4. Once you are logged in with the braintree sandbox account, you can goto Account >> Merchant Account Info and then click "new sandbox merchant account" to create a braintree merchant account for testing purposes. The braintree merchant account is not like a bank account, basically this account directs funds from your customers to your business bank account.
  5. You may create any number of  braintree merchant account like shown above. While creating the braintree merchant account, it can be set as the default merchant account so that the transactions will be using it as the default one.
As of now the initial dashboard setup is now complete.

Follow the below steps for integration :

  1.  The first step is the generation of client token at the server side using your server side braintree library. We will be following .NET library for server side integrations. Check here for other formats available
Following library supports both .NET Framework 4.5.2+, .NET Core 1.0+ and higher.

  • Version: 4.8.0
  • SHA256: a700b98818c1f4266701160a1059d75f1cb17aa8d8ae12696c6812264781d932
        2.  Once the braintree library is setup login to your braintree sandbox account here >>              and goto settings >> API Keys. Now click on 
"Generate new API key". Now you will get a public key, private key and merchant id if you click the "view" option in the generated API Key. Now add the above generated values as shown below

        3. Now that you have setup the braintree sandbox, the next step is the generation of client token, which will be required at the client side to initialise the client side braintree sdk(in our case >> android braintree sdk). Inorder to allow return customers to choose previously chosen payment method options, you can make use of a customerid like shown below

Now generate the client token and expose it to the clients like shown below

         4. Now, the client(android app) requests the client token and intialieses the client side sdk using this client token. Once the sdk is initialised, the client generates a payment_method_nonce value and sends it to the server, the server should accept the payment_method_nonce value like shown below

         5. You have now successfully accepted the payment_method_nonce value from the client which depicts client side authorisation to create transaction. So create a transaction  like shown below, using an amount and the payment_method_nonce you received from client

Now let us see some client side code using android

Add the following dependency in your app level build.gradle

implementation 'com.braintreepayments.api:drop-in:3.7.0' 
implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.0.0-beta4' 
implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.3.0'

In our server side implementation, we have already created an api to expose client token(check step 3 in server side integration). We will need to get this client token to initialise our braintree payment gateway sdk in our app side. So write a network call to fetch client token like shown below(here we are using retrofit library for network calls)
and create like this Please note that you have to set the base url and endpoint according to the one that you have created in step 3 in server side integration
As you can see above we need to pass the client token like this onBraintreeSubmit(response.body().toString()); to the braintree sdk from the onResponse method of our retrofit instance. So we need to write the code for this method like shown below
Now we will need to override onActivityResult as shown below, so that we can get the results from the braintree sdk
As shown above, we have successfully obtained the nonce value from the braintree sdk like this String payment_method_nonce=result.getPaymentMethodNonce().getNonce(); . Now we will need to send this nonce value along with an amount to our server side implementation to perform the transaction at the server side. So create submitNonce() method like shown below :
now update your like shown below

startactivityforresult example in android

startActivityForResult method helps to send data to another activity, get data from another activity or even wait for the result from another activity to perform certain action/ process the result data.

The process involved are,

  • Consider there are two activities - and, the main activity calls the second activity and waits for the result like shown below, 
Intent intent=new Intent(MainActivity.this,SecondActivity.class);       
startActivityForResult(intent, 2);

  •  Now the SecondActivity performs the required operations(if any) and returns the result like shown below
Intent intent=new Intent();      
intent.putExtra("MESSAGE","your message to FirstActivity ");                   

  • Now we should override the onActivityResult method inside MainActivity which gets automatically invoked once the results from the SecondActivity are returned. It is overidden like shown below
          protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data)  
                 super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);  
                            String message=data.getStringExtra("MESSAGE");   

  • Finally you can now access the message send from the SecondActivity using the  String "message" 
Now let us look into a working example. In this example, we will be passing a message from an editext field inside the to a texview field in . So first of all create a new android studio project and make the following changes to your activity_main.xml file
As shown above we have created a button to call the second activity and also added a textview to display the result from second activity. Now we need to call the second activity and wait for result as shown below :
As shown above we have used startActivityForResult to start the second activity so that we we will get the result from the second activity in the callback method - onActivityResult
Now create new activity and name it as . Create an edittext field to type the message and also add a button to send the message
Now you may update the like this